Psychologists, psychotherapists and other professionals in the industry are employed in different settings which depend on their specialty, areas of expertise as well as the services they choose to, or wish to offer. Some work in educational institutions, while others work in clinics and some in their own practice. Some work with individuals, some with adults, some with children, some with couples, others with families, and even sometimes with large groups and/ or organizations.
With continuous development and evolution in the assumptions, theories and technology that impact both directly and indirectly the profession, the amount of training to become and maintain status as a professional in the industry varies from place to place and is constantly being updated. Most common requirements include a Bachelor’s Degree, postgraduate education, as well as formal and relevant training. Some combination of the above is often required to earn a license or status in the industry. There are some clear boundaries, with some professionals, such as psychiatrists, being able to issue prescriptions, while psychologists are not permitted to do so.
The profession is evolving, with more need for professionals and we become more aware and motivated to help handle mental illness properly and to reduce the stigma around mental illness. This is creating not only the need for more professionals, but for wider training to meet a wider and more diverse set of needs.
Technology has played a large role in the development of this profession and industry, and continues to do so and help shape the profession’s future. Technology does everything from facilitate knowledge and information transfer/ sharing to create tools to be used in practice and monitor things like brain waves and activities to trend analysis to research and everything in between.
Psychology and Psychotherapy are developing, like many professions and industries and an impressive and record shattering rate.